Melasma can be triggered by homonal changes from pregnancy or hormonal treatments that usually appear in patches on the face which some people are more prone to get then others. Melanin is what gives our skin color and when melanin is overproduced it creates darker areas on the skin.
Precautions to Consider: Avoid exposure to the sun which makes melasma worse and avoid using products with salicylic acid which can have damaging effects on the skin. Avoiding certain foods with high estrogen content like dried fruit, chickpeas, tofu, soy, and multigrain bread will help limit or correct melasma according to Dr. Engelman MD, FACMS, FASDS, FAAD.
Treatments That Can Help: We reccomend a series of MicroLaser Peels https://www.mycnmedical.com/services/skin-resurfacing (a lighter resurfacing treatment) which will help reduce the symptoms and appearance of melasma even for darker skin tones. Another effective treatment is a series of Fractional Voluderm RF which is microneedling with radio frequency with a specialized tip.Treating the area with clinical skin brightnerings/lighteners before and after treatment can enhance the effectiveness and results of the treatments and of course using sun protection every day will keep those dark spots at bay!