The causes of Melasma can vary from hormonal changes with pregnacy to hormonal treatments such as birth control. More likely in women than men, it usually appears in patches on the face, forehead and upper lip. Melanin which is what gives our skin color is over produced and goes into overproduction in the sun causing them to look darker than your natural skintone.
Precautions to Consider: Avoid UV Rays, avoid using products with salicylic acid that can have damaging effects on melasma skin, and avoid foods that have a high estrogen content like dried fruit, chickpeas, tofu, soy and multigrain bread in your diet.
Treatment Plan: A series of Micro Laser Peels which will help resurface the skin and aid in removing unwanted pigment gradually with the extra benefit of improving texture and provide a more youthful appearance. Another great treatment is a series of Fractional VoluDerm RF which is uses a specilized tip for microneedling with radio frequency. To enhance these treatment proper skincare is a must. Using a skin lightnening or brightening clinical product before and after is a must to see even better results and of course UV protection every day and reapplying will keep those dark spots at bay!